Lying partly in Asia and Europe, Turkey is a country that is rich in culture and history. The Romans, Ottomans, and the Byzantines contributed to Turkey’s wealthy culture and history as they all left unique marks during their rule. Turkey has it all; from ancient cities, abandoned monasteries, historical wonders, natural sites, diverse landscapes, and remarkable palaces.
If you are passionate about history, Turkey is the perfect place for you to visit. Read on as we look at some of the famous ancient sites that Turkey has to offer.
Like in every other country, if you are planning to visit as a tourist, there are some requirements that you will need to get your visa. Supposing you do not know where to start with your visa application process, check here, and you will be surprised at how easy it is for you to acquire a visa to Turkey.
The ancient ruins of Ephesus city and its surrounding attractions receive millions of visitors every year. The Ephesus city is one of the entire roman towns that is still standing in the Mediterranean region. The marble-columned roads and colossal monuments will allow you to experience how life was during the Roman empire’s golden age.
Cappadocia is home to cliff ridges, rippling panoramas, and hill crests. If you do not enjoy hiking to explore a place’s beauty, Cappadocia is one of the world’s top detitanation for hot air balloon rides. During the hot air rides, you will see the byzantine era frescoed rock-hewn churches and the lunar-scape.
Pamukkale, which means “Cotton Castle,” is one of Turkey’s most famous natural wonders. The name cotton castle was derived from the pure white travertine promenades that cascade down the slope. The terraces form an illusion of a snowfield within the green scenery.
Also found in Pamukkale are the crumbling ruins of Roman Hierapolis. The roman Hierapolis is an ancient spa town that lies at the top of the calcite hill.
Mount Nemrut is one of the most lonely and weird places in turkey. Located in eastern Turkey, Mount Nemrut is home to giant stone heads said to have belonged to ancient gods. These mammoth statutes of the long-forgotten gods appear to be guarding the summit as they seem to be staring out from the mount summit, creating a spooky atmosphere over the bare mountaintop.
The best time to visit Mount Nemrut is at sunrise. This is because this will give you the perfect opportunity to watch the statutes looming out of the dark.
Located along the Caicus river near the Aegean Sea, Pergamon represents what is considered to be a rich and powerful city in ancient Greek. Now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, these Greco-Roman ruins are an incredible place to explore.
The remnants of one of the world’s most important libraries in ancient times, now sits dramatically on a hilltop. Visit Pergamon and explore the Acropolis area and the theatre cut into the hillside.
Located in the Trabzon province, the Sumela monastery is built into a cliff offering stunning views, murals, and captivating architecture. Along the black sea, the Sumela monastery is the most famous among tourists.
The monastery, also known as the Virgin Mary’s monastery, was first opened during the Byzantine rule and later closed in 1923. While exploring this abandoned religious complex, your mind is allowed to go back in history and try to imagine the lives of the monks who once lived here.
Your visit to turkey can not be complete without visiting the stunning Byzantine church, which was later turned into an Ottoman mosque. The Aya Sofya is regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
Also known as the Hagia Sophia, this building is rimmed by delicate minarets in its exterior, added after the ottoman empire’s conquest. On the other hand, the interior is carved with wall paintings that constantly reminds us of Constantinople’s influence and power. Today, Hagia Sophia has been turned into a museum.
Turkey is known for its rich historical sites. The few named above are not exhaustive. When you next visit turkey, you might also consider visiting places such as; Topkapi palace, Ani, Aspendos, Antalya, Safranbolu, Sultan Ahmet mosque, and Kayakoy.